USS Chicago (CA-29) 9,200 tons, 9- 8".
Commissioned 9 March 1931. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor,
7Dec41, Chicago was at sea with TF 12 and began a 5-day sweep in the
Oahu-Johnston-Palmyra triangle in an effort to intercept the enemy.
During March and April, the heavy cruiser operated off the Louisiade
Archipelago, covering the attacks on Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea.
In a position to intercept enemy surface units which attempted to
attack Port Moresby, Chicago also provided cover for the arrival
of American troops on New Caledonia.
On 1 May 42, Chicago was ordered from Noumea to support Yorktown
(CV-5) in her strike against the Japanese on Tulagi, Solomon Islands.
On 7 May, she proceeded, with the Support Group, to intercept and attack
the Japanese Port Moresby invasion group. The following day, the group
underwent several Japanese air attacks, but proceeded ahead until it was
clear that the Japanese force had been turned back. She continued to
operate in the Southwest Pacific and supported the initial landings on
Guadalcanal. On 9 August, Chicago was part of the disasterous
Battle of Savo Island. Hit by
a Japanese surface torpedo, Chicago repaired at Noumea, Sydney,
and San Francisco. She departed San Francisco Jan 1943 for
Noumea joining a TF to escort a Guadalcanal convoy. Japanese aircraft
attacked the force on 29Jan and the Battle of Rennell Island was underway.
During the torpedo attacks, two hits caused severe
flooding and loss of power. The next day, with the disabled ship
in tow, the Japanese attacked again and, despite heavy losses, managed to
hit Chicago with four more torpedoes
which sent her to the bottom.
Chicago (CA-29) received three battle stars for World
War II service.